Tipps for beginners and interested the bee attitude

First considerations

the beginning should you to a few questions place yourselves:

  1. Where set up do I mean bees?
  2. Which things do I need for the beginning?
  3. Which booty do I select?
  4. With which kind of bee would I like beekeepers?
  5. Where can I mean materials away of the beekeeping to stow?
  6. What is the basic premise when working on the bees?


1. Where set up do I mean bees?
This question is not occupied with that problem definition which can be solved completely simply, the setting up place. First we should analyze, what the criteria of an issuing place are.

Needs of the bees

Bees can fly far (in one approx.. 2-3 km radius), but a natural suitable source of fodder would be favourable in the proximity (Nektar and polling offer in spring and in the late summer (of ideal way in 1 km radius). As example would be there strewing fruit meadows, fruit plants, small and vorgaerten, hedge realms of brook runs, to call agricultural surfaces (e.g. RWS fields in the spring) or mixed woodlands (edge of forest). To advise against is from locations, which are appropriate in "cooling holes", at which the sun shines rare, wind-rich exposed areas and/or heavy-rainfall locations. Rural areas offer here a balanced relationship.

Their needs as beekeepers

As beekeepers you have many geraetschaften (empties trims, honeycombs, tools, Bienenwachsschmelzer, honigschleuder and and and). Think promptly, where you can stow everything away. Have you the possibility a summer-house to set up. If you have luck, find a setting up place, which is also financially portable for you. How far is the setting up place distant from a traffic route? Everything which you need must brought to the setting up place and, heavy honey crates could be removed must to centrifuges.

Needs of the neighbours

Some humans react emotional very sensitively to bees, other humans are allergisch to bee passes. Avoid a location, which is at densely populated areas, as well as because of traffic routes with strongly fluctuating people masses. I recommend to lend this aspect special attention to you, in order to avoid later conflicts already from the beginning.

Go calmly toward beekeepers (or beekeeper association), who will be helpful to you in the search for a setting up place.

2. Which things do I need for the beginning?

for each people
  • simple booty (5 trims, soil, cover)
  • 50 raehmchen
  • 1 stopper grid
  • 3 kg of center walls
  • 1 bee colony
  • 1 Smoker
  • 1 stick chisel
  • 1 broom
  • Protective clothing
Honey harvest
  • 1 honeycomb centrifuge
  • Honigbehaelter (12.5 kg of buckets)
  • Entdeckelungsgeschirr
  • 1 honey filter (best a double filter)
for the honeycomb hygiene
  • 1 (sun more)Wachsschmelzer

3. Which booty do I select?
Hereby I mean not only the format of the bee crates (it hives), but also whether they consider used or new hiving to acquire. Surely it is enticing for you as beginners favorable, to assume if not even free hiving. I can advise against to you however, because they refer absolutely illness-free material with new hiving. Finally it is your decision whether it the risk of evtl. Pathogen-preloaded material to be received want.
There are many formats, which may appear surely confusing for you, as Germans normal, Zander, Dadant, to call Langstroth around the most important. Size size of (height/length in mm): German normal (223/370) - Zander (220/420) - Dadant (330/435) - Langstroth (238/441). I recommend the format Zander to you. Predivide this format: The raehmchen are the long ears, one have thereby the honeycombs better in the hand. It is still mentioned - box with the Zanderformat seizes 10 raehmchen.

On which is to otherwise still respect: Their magazine should have an open lattice soil, fit with possibility for the module of a drawer for the Gemuelldiagnose, existing grasp borders at the trims, crease, thereby the boxes into one another and good the latter recommends I wood hiving. For the later, excluding outside protective coating you use bee-harmless wood glaze. The colour is left each beekeeper. Do not forget of an approach hole to think.

4. With which kind of bee would I like beekeepers?
In our areas two subspecies of the honey bee are common: The Carnica and the Buckfast. Each subspecies has their pro and cons and finally remains it you left with which subspecies you beekeepers wanting. I personally imkere with Carnica. But one you should consider that if you decided for a subspecies, then use you excluding these, in order to avoid genetic mixtures, which affect all characteristics negatively. For the beginner is however easier handling with the Carnica. After years of the entrance can if necessary still transferred to be dared.

5. Where can I mean materials away of the beekeeping to stow?
Even as beginners of the bee attitude you must argue with this question promptly, so that you will have inadvertently place problems not later. Ideally naturally a summer-house is direct at the setting up place, but this is not the rule. Alternatively you know also their geraetschaften in your cellar or their rise up stow away, as far as it permits its place.
Do not underestimate please the place expenditure, which your beekeeping will take.

6. What is the basic premise when working on the bees?
If you work on the bees are the highest premise, remain calm, no hecticness or unrest to radiate. Their tendency situation is passed to the people, on whom you work straight. To colleasy you could let the people become jerky, aggressive, which you want to avoid surely.
The following elementary things should know you: Shining one, and/or reflecting things (decoration, glass, teeth) tightens bees. Avoidance: No decoration, mouth keep closed. Sweat, Kosmetik, perfume and bad breath let bees become aggressive. Avoidance: Not on bees blow, sweat with a cloth remove, without Kostmetik/Parfuem do. Nervous, hectic movements provokes bees. Avoidance: Remain always calm.
Beside all basic adjustments, rule is NR. 1, smoke. They should your smoke apparatus, which so-called Smoker has always at hand, in order to calm if necessary your bees with smoke.