Communication of the honey bees
Bees are not only admirablly in regaining once discovered worthwhile Trachtquellen, still more astonish it with its ability the knowledge of the situation of the fodder places their nest companions at home to communicate and these to the assistance with the collecting business to energize. Finally it would be wasteful, if the whole people would go on a trip aimlessly after all directions, in order to look for and register fodder arbitrarily. Instead a small number of to it appointing - one calls it trace bees - particularly goes on the search. Who found something, home flies and gives message from the discovery. That happens in the form of dances on the honeycombs. Thereby details are communicated to the source of fodder over direction, distance and extensiveness. And this goes in such a way: If the fodder place lies in next proximity of the bee shed, to somewhat 50 m distance, then the bee specifies a round dance , as shown in the following fig..
It runs a small circle, turns and runs back it again.
Bedeutet:"Sucht in the next environment!" The bees run
after this dancer, take up the kind of the dance and also the smell,
which them bring along in their hair dress. Ever enrich the
found Trachquelle flows, the more eagerly dances the Kundschafterin
and the more violently drives it also to the others into the members.
And then it can be that in few minutes the whole environment of
the conditions of looking for bees wimmelt.
If a Trachtquelle 100 m and more lies far away, then searching of the Umkreises would be toilsome and time intensive. Therefore also direction and distance are communicated here. This is done via the so-called Schwaenzeltanz. The Kunderschafterin runs a figure in form eight. On the medium range between the two circles it schwaenzelt with the abdomen. The direction of this medium range indicates the direction. Medium range with head is called upward: Craze toward to the sun! Head downward: Craze toward against the sun! Angle 60° to the right: Craze toward 60 ° right of the sun! See the also following illustration.